Hair transplant for women, a procedure used in the United States since the fifties, is the removal of a strip skin from the back of the head, which will later serve to cover a bald part of your head. Today, 90% of the specialized hair transplant surgeons use a technique called follicular unit transplantation (FUE), which was introduced in the mid-nineties. This is a very good solution for female alopecia.
During a hair transplant, surgeons remove a thin strip of scalp and consists of hundreds of very small grafts, each of which contains a few hairs. Each graft is transplanted to a small slit made in the scalp, then implanted into the area affected by baldness. Thus, the hair grows naturally in small groups one to four follicles, called follicular units. As a result, the grafts are more natural than the large ‘clumps’ associated with hair transplants look old.
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUE) can take several hours.
First, surgeons remove an elliptical strip of three to four inches in length from the back of the scalp and hair cut (A). Then the market is divided into 500 to 2000 individual follicular units, each of which contains only a few hairs (B). Then, the follicular units are transplanted to an equivalent number of sections from the scalp in areas affected by alopecia (C).
The transplanted hairs fall out over a period of two to three weeks, and the new hairs start to grow after about three months. After six to nine months, most people reach 60% of the new growth of hair. Some surgeons prescribe minoxidil after surgery, although there have been no studies demonstrating the efficacy of this treatment postoperatively.
Side effects and complications: when new hairs start to grow, some women suffer folliculitis (inflammation of the follicles). These minor complications can be treated with compresses and antibiotics. A more serious danger is the loss of shock, also known as shock loss, which is the sudden loss of hair that normally grow in the area close to the transplant. The shock loss affects between 30% and 50% of women undergoing hair transplantation; Fortunately, the loss is usually temporary, and the hair grows back.
One drawback is that there is a certain amount of donor hair, which may not be sufficient to cover the transplant recipient area density as in its better days, especially if affected by hair thinning area is very extensive.