When it was believed that alopecia was only a problem that affected men, this pathology started to appear in women, each time in a more severe form. The statistics signal that an important percentage of women suffer from this disease between ages twenty and thirty, and another group suffers from it in their forties or fifties. For this reason, we will go over the basic aspects of female balding, which is known as female alopecia.
Probably the female public reacts immediately once they observe irregular quantities of hair loss. However, this reaction, which leads to the search for a rapid solution, does not prove to be efficient enough because the patient does not stop to observe the characteristics of their alopecia and selects an inadequate treatment.
The first thing that many women forget when they notice hair loss beyond the normal limits is that the cause of the loss can be highly varied and that hair loss does not necessarily need to be related to the pathology of alopecia.
Therefore, the main recommendation would be not to take the first treatment that one comes across on the way, but to go to a specialist – in this case a dermatologist – who examines the conditions in which the hair falls out and determines what type of alopecia the person is suffering from.
Once the woman has been diagnosed with alopecia, we will go over how this pathology appears in its different modalities, among which we see androgenic or androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata.
Androgenic alopecia in women
Androgenic alopecia appears in women due to the same causes as those observed in men. For instance, genetic predisposition, reaching old age and the constant changes at the hormonal level, especially in the androgens, condition hair loss in a direct manner. However, at the aesthetic level, there is a notable difference in the form in which androgenic alopecia develops in men and women.
While in men, the scalp hair disappears in the crown area, in women it presents itself with the weakening of hair strands, but hair does not come to disappear completely on the parietal region, or at least not in a way as drastic as what is observed in men.
It could be that hair loss is not observed, but the weakness in the frontal line of the head is indeed observed. This sign begins to appear during menopause due to the decrease in oestrogen levels.
The treatment for androgenic alopecia in women is varied. However, it is recommended to go to a dermatologist, who will determine which one is the best alternative to combat this pathology. Generally, drugs such as minoxidil are recommended, as well as the consumption of androgens administered orally, or antiandrogens like cyproterone acetate combined with ethynil estradiol.
In any case, it is advisable to avoid common treatments like hair tonics as these can aggravate the problem. Although it does not hurt to care for the hair against the threat of alopecia, you should know that hair loss is inevitable, which is why you should not evade nor delay the search for a treatment.
This type of alopecia does not have an origin properly defined by researchers. Its main symptom is the loss of hair in patches. This kind of alopecia is classified within alopecia totalis (AT), when all the scalp hair on the head is lost, and alopecia universalis (AU), when the loss occurs in all the body.
Alopecia areata does not have a specific treatment, but some therapies like topical corticosteroids, ultraviolet light and steroid injections to stimulate the hair follicles and the formation of scalp hair.
It is also known as telogen effluvium and was mentioned for the first time in 1961 by Kligman. It is a modality of temporary alopecia, which occurs following exposure to a serious disease, stressful situations, febrile seizures and childbirth. It is a natural response of the body, which is why it disappears without there being need for a therapeutic treatment. In some cases, it can last up to six months.
Use of medication or drugs
Alopecia in women can also occur due to the consumption of medication or drugs. For example, excessive doses of anticoagulants, antithyroid drugs, mercury, valproic acid and vitamin A can cause alopecia. However, this kind of alopecia disappears once the person stops using the chemical substance.
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